The vast northern expanse of Greenland needs investment, and China is willing to help – for a price.
China got rich over the last 40 years. Here's a guide to what changed, in pictures.
Report that Google has put its Project Dragonfly search engine for China on hold.
US rapper Lil Pump has been called 'racist' against Chinese people in an upcoming song.
Marking 40 year since key economic reforms, President Xi Jinping also said China would not be dictated to.
The arrest of a prominent and outspoken pastor sparks new alarm about China's control of religion.
The husband of one of the women has been imprisoned without trial since 2015.
China’s Dark Matter Particle Explorer, nicknamed “Wukong” or “Monkey King,” will extend its service in space by two years, as it is still in good condition and collecting key scientific data.The research team operating the satellite said yesterday that Wukong’s key performance indicators have barely changed compared with three years ago when it was launched as China’s first dark matter probe satellite.As of yesterday, the satellite has reached its expected service life of three years, having orbited the Earth 16,597 times in a sun-synchronous orbit at an altitude of 500 kilometers, detecting around 5.5 billion cosmic particles.“We hope that Wukong’s ‘sharp eyes’ will detect 300 electrons that are obviously different from the normal energy spectrum by the end of 2019, which will provide theorists with sufficient data to study the nature of the electrons,” said Chang Jin, chief scientist of the team.Chang said the research team is quite confident about the satellite working another two years in space.China launched Wukong at the end of 2015 to detect high-energy electrons and gamma rays in space, which may be generated in the process of annihilation or decay of dark matter. The satellite’s original objectives have been completed with some results exceeding expectations, according to the team.In 2017, the British scientific journal Nature published the high-energy electronic data collected by Wukong in the 18 months after its launch. In the study, Chang found an unexpected surplus of high-energy electrons that might be caused by the annihilation of dark matter, attracting close attention from domestic and foreign scientific communities.“Key data is still being accumulated, the extension of Wukong’s service is the basis of all our research,” said Guo Jianhua, deputy chief designer of the satellite payload.Compared with the existing dark matter detection equipment in the world, Wukong boasts advantages in its range of energy observation and its energy resolution.Dark matter is a hypothetical form of matter that is thought to account for around 80 percent of the matter in the universe.
China plans to build or renovate about 21,000 toilets at tourist destinations next year, according to the Ministry of Culture and Tourism.The move is part of the “toilet revolution,” ongoing in China’s tourist industry since 2015, which aims to provide tourists with modern and clean toilets.The country built or upgraded nearly 24,000 restrooms for tourists this year, including about 15,000 in its less-developed central and western areas, the ministry said. Between 2015 and 2017, China invested 1.64 billion yuan (US$237.8 million) to install or renovate more than 70,000 toilets for tourists, it said.Advanced technologies have been used in the new toilets to improve their hygiene, save energy and water, and make them more accessible. A mobile navigation app has been launched to help tourists find toilets in scenic areas.To boost domestic tourism, China aims to install or upgrade a total of 64,000 toilets for tourists from 2018 to 2020.
Beijing and its neighboring Hebei Province are providing corn for migratory wild birds at a nearby reservoir.Guanting Reservoir, which borders Yanqing, a district of Beijing, and Huailai County in the city of Zhangjiakou, Hebei, is one of the major places that wild birds flock to in winter in north China. Nearly 10,000 wild birds, mainly gray cranes, have been spotted taking a rest there since the beginning of winter.Due to cold weather and a large number of birds, a food shortage is inevitable, according to the Beijing Wildlife Conservation Association. The association decided to partner with the provincial wildlife conservation association of Hebei and the forestry department of Huailai County to provide much-needed food.The departments plan to feed the birds every three weeks. The feeding frequency will change depending on the weather and the number of birds.They said that 750kg of corn has already been distributed, and another 3,000kg of corn will be provided in future.
THE former general manager of the China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation, Sun Bo, has been expelled from the Communist Party of China and dismissed from office for multiple violations.The CPC Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the National Supervisory Commission said they had conducted an investigation into Sun based on the approval of the CPC Central Committee.Sun was found to have violated the central authorities’ political discipline and rules, deviated from the requirements of the CPC Central Committee, conducted fraud and damaged the interests of the state-owned enterprise.He “concealed the facts and deceived authorities” during the CPC’s inspection, failed to adhere to his ideals and convictions and engaged in superstitious activities for a long time.Sun violated the Party’s eight-point frugality code by accepting banquet invitations that might result in unfairness in his fulfillment of duties.Other offenses included not reporting matters to authorities truthfully and going against the rules to alter his family members’ posts and seek profits for his relatives’ and friends’ businesses.His abuse of power resulted in huge losses to the national interest.As a Party member in a position of leadership and executive of a state-owned enterprise, Sun was disloyal to and dishonest with the Party and showed no sign of restraint even after the 18th CPC National Congress.Accordingly he should be harshly punished, the commission said.“Sun’s illegal gains will be confiscated, and he will face prosecution for the suspected crimes,” the commission said.His case and assets involved will be transferred to the judiciary for further investigation and prosecution.
CHINA hopes the United States can learn a lesson and “not blurt things out,” the foreign ministry said yesterday.
The comment came after Zambia denied claims by a White House official that China is about to take over its state power utility to recover debt.
Twitter says "unusual" activity from China and Saudi Arabia followed a users' country code bug.
Northwest China’s Qinghai Province has invested 372 million yuan (US$54 million) to renovate dilapidated monasteries since 2015, according to local authorities.The provincial united front work department said that over the past four years Qinghai has invested heavily to improve Tibetan Buddhism monasteries that were in poor condition, providing safe residences for nearly 30,000 monks and nuns.The province has also launched a series of popular energy-saving projects in monasteries.So far, more than 2 million yuan has been used to install 190 solar street lamps and 15 shower rooms with solar water heaters in five remote monasteries.Sonam Palden, a monk with Sharude Monastery in Tsekhok County, in the Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Huangnan, witnessed the renovation of his monastery. “Our monastery has become beautiful and warm after the overhaul,” he said. “We have solar lamps and a new library and dormitory.”Walshul, deputy director of the department, added: “Monasteries are not only religious sites, but also grassroots social units. Religious personnel should also share the fruit of the country’s development.”
There are various ways to help people out of poverty but relief worker Bai Wenjun has come up with his own unique solution — shooting short films.Bai, 31, was assigned to the village of Aotegin in Horqin Zyoyi Houqi, northern China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, in May 2016.“When I first came here, I found that the most difficult thing in poverty relief work was to change villagers’ minds and encourage them to work hard,” he said.“How can I clearly explain poverty relief policies to villagers? And how can I help them kick their old bad habits? What is the way that is more effective than words?” Bai, who likes to shoot videos in his spare time, came up with the idea of making short films. In November 2016, he created his first film script.“The main character of the film, Amor, didn’t like working,” he said. “The local government gave him loans to raise cattle, but he didn’t make good use of it. Later, with encouragement from his daughter and help from poverty relief cadres, he finally found a way to work out of poverty.”Although the film only tells the story of one household that was living under the poverty line, Amor’s story is actually based on the real stories of four to five households in the village, he said. The film was made in Mongolian so that it can be better understood by villagers, mostly ethnic Mongolians.Volunteers make up teamHan Wenming, a villager, added: “We had similar difficulties that Amor had with loans and cattle raising. After watching the film, we now better know how to solve these problems.” Bai’s team is made up of more than 30 volunteers, mostly his colleagues and friends.“We have named our team ‘Up Studio’ because we want to spread more positive stories about poverty relief work though the camera,” he said.Since 2016, Bai has shot a total of 18 short films explaining poverty-relief policies and how to get rid of bad habits.Villagers not only watch the films, but have also started to take part in filmmaking.Han, for example, offered his own bungalow as a filming spot for one of the films.“I was afraid that my room would be too shabby, and it wouldn’t look good in the film,” he said. “But Bai told me not to worry as a real scene would be the best.”“My bungalow was in the film. Next time, I want to play a role and show the changes and the new look of our village after we have all walked out of poverty,” he said.The village had 43 households that were living under the poverty line. So far, 36 households have come out of poverty through methods including raising cattle and developing solar energy.“I will still shoot short films even when all the villagers are out of poverty,” Bai said. “I want to present their new life and tell stories about rural revitalization.”
BANKNOTES fluttered down onto the streets of a working-class neighborhood in Hong Kong on Saturday, sending bystanders into a frenzy — but the man who claimed to be behind the stunt was arrested yesterday.Bills worth thousands of Hong Kong dollars were seen falling to the ground from the top of a building, as people tried to grab the cash and others filmed the scene on their smartphones.A man who runs a cryptocurrency Facebook page live-streamed the prank on Saturday in the Sham Shui Po district.“I wonder if any of you believe money could fall from the sky?” he said, before the camera panned to the top of a nearby building which saw flurries of HK$100 (US$12.8) bills flying down like confetti.Wong Ching-kit, known online as “Coin Young Master,” said in a Facebook post that he wanted to “help the poor by robbing the rich.”But the 24-year-old was arrested for causing disorder in a public place, after he drove back to the neighborhood in his Lamborghini.Police said they had recovered about HK$6,000 in HK$100 bills.Crytocurrency has been huge source of wealth for some entrepreneurs in recent years, and 2017 saw the meteoric rise of hundreds of virtual currencies led by bitcoin. However, the unit has slumped from US$20,000 at the end of 2017 to around US$3,235 currently.
For Wu Qingshan, a farmer in Burqin County in northwest China’s Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, a combination of growing sea buckthorn and raising chickens is the recipe for success.Wu has about 47 hectares of sea buckthorn, a shrub with a fruit rich in vitamin C. The land also serves as his open-air “chicken farm.”“Growing up eating sea buckthorn and worms in the field, the chicken that I raise are more delicious and nutritious than regular ones,” Wu said.“Each of my ‘sea buckthorn chicken’ can be sold for more than 100 yuan (US$14.6), which is about 30 percent higher than regular ones.”The concept of mixed farming, which involves growing crops and raising livestock, was new to Wu before the county government promoted it from 2011.With the help of technicians sent by the government, he started to combine the planting of sea buckthorn and raising chicken in 2017.“The system of mixed farming helps increase my annual income by one-sixth,” he said.Li Zhengxin, another farmer in the county, has realized the potential of mixed farming and agri-tourism. Tourists pick sea buckthorn fruit and then cook it with the chicken.“I can earn more than 500,000 yuan a year by managing the industry of agri-tourism,” Li said.Burqin County has invested about 1 million yuan to promote mixed farming.
THE economic work for next year has been studied at a meeting of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee in the lead-up to the agenda-setting central economic work conference.
The meeting was more positive in describing China’s external environment than three other key CPC Central Committee economic work meetings this year, according to a research note by CSC Financial, a Chinese investment bank.
Mention of an “important period of strategic opportunity” and repeated references to focusing on domestic affairs means economic policies in 2019 will be more about addressing issues at home, the research note said.
Commenting on the strategic opportunity, Haitong Securities senior researcher Jiang Chao said policies would advance the development of the high-quality manufacturing sector, cultivate a stronger domestic market and speed up economic reforms and opening-up.
“Despite the increasing downward pressure, signals from the meeting are not pessimistic,” Jiang said. “The country should continue to seize the important period of strategic opportunity for development and seek an optimal policy mix and maximum effects.”
Upcoming policy plans will possibly increase the importance of domestic demand in driving economic growth in 2019, according to analysis by investment banking firm CICC.
In addition, the country will stay firm in carrying forward its opening-up following the plans made and pace set, CICC said.
There will be sufficient favorable conditions for the economy next year, analysts said, citing the untapped potential of Chinese consumers.
Analysts said the country’s economy was increasingly driven by consumption with less reliance on international trade.
The National Bureau of Statistics has also unveiled a string of economic indicators showing a pickup in investment and stability in consumer spending as China is set to meet its annual growth target.
Fixed-asset investment, a major growth driver, expanded 5.9 percent year on year in the first 11 months, picking up pace for the third straight month from the bottom in August and exceeding market expectations.
Fixed-asset investment includes capital spent on infrastructure, property, machinery and other physical assets.
The National Development and Reform Commission, China’s top economic planner, approved 13 fixed-asset investment projects in November with a combined investment of 24.2 billion yuan (US$3.5 billion), latest data showed.
The projects were primarily in high-tech and transportation sectors.
Retail sales of consumer goods posted a solid increase of 8.1 percent in November in part driven by robust online shopping, according to the statistics bureau.
Given the encouraging trend, “there is no doubt that China will fulfill this year’s growth target of around 6.5 percent,” the bureau’s spokesman Mao Shengyong said, adding that the economy would have a sound foundation in 2019.
Li Wei, head of the Development Research Center of the State Council, said China’s steady and improving economic fundamentals were favorable for its development goals.
“China can well handle the risks and challenges and maintain the healthy trend toward stable growth by giving full play to its advantages,” Li said.
CHINA and Thailand have agreed to deepen cooperation and move ahead with the construction of the China-Thailand railway. The agreement was made after Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi met with Thai Foreign Minister Don Pramudwinai ahead of the fourth Lancang-Mekong Cooperation foreign ministers’ meeting.
Wang said China-Thailand ties are enjoying sound development, with frequent high-level exchanges and close cooperation in various fields, bringing tangible benefits to peoples of the two countries.
China is willing to work with Thailand to enhance communication, carry out proper planing for deepened cooperation, speed up the construction of China-Thailand railway in a bid to achieve early connection with the China-Laos-Thailand railway, and actively explore third-party cooperation, he said.
China would support Thailand’s work as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations rotating chair and steadily move forward the consultation on the Code of Conduct in the South China Sea with ASEAN members, said Wang.
China would also push for the early conclusion of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership negotiations, speed up East Asian economic integration, and jointly guard against unilateralism and trade protectionism, Wang added.
For his part, Don said that as ASEAN’s rotating chair in 2019, Thailand would play a constructive role in promoting the development of ASEAN and ASEAN-China relations.
CHINA and Vietnam have pledged to properly manage maritime issues to create a good atmosphere for the development of bilateral relations.
The pledge was made in Luang Prabang, Laos, yesterday at a meeting between Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi and Pham Binh Minh, Vietnamese deputy prime minister and minister for foreign affairs.
Wang said the leaders of the two countries had exchanged historic visits last year which had led to top-level designs for the development of a comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership.
China and Vietnam should fully implement the strategic consensus reached between the leaders of the two countries so as to lay a solid foundation for the development of bilateral ties, said Wang.
China and Vietnam have far more common interests than differences.
The two sides should continue to promote strategic mutual trust and deepen strategic cooperation which serves the fundamental interests of the two countries and the two peoples, Wang noted.
Looking forward to the new year, Wang said the two sides should keep the positive momentum of exchanges at a high-level, fully explore the tremendous potential of economic and trade cooperation, speed up the strategic connection between China’s Belt and Road Initiative and Vietnam’s Two Corridors and One Economic Circle plan, and push forward cooperation projects on connectivity and communication so as to achieve substantial progress.
China is willing to strengthen communication and coordination with Vietnam within the framework of the Lancang-Mekong Cooperation Mechanism and further enrich the content of the comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership, Wang said.
For his part, Pham Binh Minh said development of the comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership between the two sides has resulted in satisfactory achievements in 2018, with close exchanges conducted at all levels, two-way trade expanded and the structure of trade becoming balanced.
Vietnam is ready to work together with China to make good preparations for high-level exchanges next year, make good use of the mechanisms of bilateral cooperation and coordination as well as conduct closer communication and coordination on Lancang-Mekong cooperation.
This will further advance the development of the comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership between the two countries.
Both Wang Yi and Pham Binh Minh will attend the fourth Lancang-Mekong Cooperation foreign ministers’ meeting to be held in Luang Prabang today.
The country's finance ministry also confirms plans to suspend higher tariffs on US-made cars.
Studio Ghibli has a massive following in China, despite never being screened in cinemas.
China’s stony desert areas shrank at a faster pace during the past few years thanks to government emphasis on environmental protection.From 2011 to 2016, the area of stony deserts declined at an average 3.45 percent each year, quickening from a 1.27-percent annual drop in the previous five-year period, Liu Dongsheng, deputy head of the National Forestry and Grassland Administration, told reporters yesterday.At the end of 2016, stony deserts stood at 10.07 million hectares, Liu said. “The spread of stony deserts was effectively contained.”The environmental improvement was attributed to efforts to protect vegetation and plant more trees and grass, which contributed 65.5 percent to reversing desertification, Liu said.The results were released after the third national survey on stony deserts, which took nearly a year and half and covered hundreds of counties in eight provincial regions, including Hubei and Guangxi.However, Liu cautioned that China will continue to face severe challenges in fighting desertification, as the ecosystem in surveyed areas, which are densely populated, is still fragile and the protection of forests should be strengthened.“There are 13 million poor people living in rocky regions ... and about 2.62 million hectares of desertification-prone farmland is still being cultivated,” Liu said.Given the situation, Liu called for more efforts to win the battle against desertification, including development of forest and desert tourism to guarantee poverty reduction.As desertification is one of the most pressing issues facing humankind, China has put great emphasis on the campaign to prevent deserts from expanding and is the first country in the world to achieve desert shrinkage.The Chinese desert city of Ordos hosted the 13th Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in September 2017, during which Chinese officials shared anti-desertification experiences with their global peers.China has promised to transfer its desert control technology to countries and regions along the Belt and Road routes and in the Sahara under a program aimed at protecting trunk roads from sand storm damage. More than 100 officials and technicians from developing countries received training about desertification control in China this year.
Renewable energy will account for over 10 percent of the total energy consumption of Beijing’s new international airport when it opens next year, local authorities said yesterday.Beijing Daxing International Airport, set to start test runs at the end of September 2019, will combine the use of solar energy and earth energy with traditional energy sources, according to the Beijing Municipal Commission of Development and Reform.Solar photovoltaic systems will be installed on the roofs of the airport, including its car park buildings, business jet hangars and cargo areas. They are set to generate up to 6.1 million kilowatt hours of electricity each year.Geothermal heat pumps, deployed in the nearby Yongding River’s retention basin, will power the heating and cooling systems in the airport’s supporting facilities. They are expected to provide 8 percent of the airport’s total consumption.Beijing Daxing International Airport, 46 kilometers south of downtown Beijing, is designed to take pressure off the Beijing Capital International Airport. It sits at the junction of Beijing’s Daxing District and Langfang, in neighboring Hebei Province.
China’s Supreme People’s Court yesterday issued a judicial explanation to help courts more promptly stop infringement of intellectual property rights.The legal document aims to clarify when IPR owners can apply for quick court orders to stop infringement of their rights without a lawsuit or before a lawsuit is closed, according to the SPC.The document defined such situations as “emergencies.” For instance, an IPR owner’s confidential business information is about to be illegally published or one’s privacy rights are about to be violated and, without an immediate court order to stop the infringement, damage will be caused.“Unlike property rights, IPR is hard to fully recover if violated. “Even if the owner has won a lawsuit, his or her confidential information would have already been released and market advantage may have been lost,” said Song Xiaoming, chief of the SPC IPR court.A court order to stop infringements through an easier and speedier application procedure will help protect IPR and minimize damage, Song said.To prevent the abuse of court orders, the judicial explanation defined elements that should be taken into account when reviewing such applications and how to define wrong applications and withdraw orders.
China will continue to ban the trade and use of rhinos, tigers and their byproducts, the National Forestry and Grassland Administration said yesterday.The agency’s spokesperson, Huang Caiyi, said the “three strict bans” will continue to be enforced: Ban the import and export of rhinos, tigers and their byproducts; ban the sales, purchasing, transporting, carrying and mailing of rhinos, tigers and their byproducts; and ban the use of rhino horns and tiger bones in medicine.Since November 13, the NFGA has been cracking down on the illegal trade of rhinos, tigers, their byproducts and related illegalities, Huang told a news conference. The operations will continue until December 31.As a member of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, China has wasted no effort in fighting the trafficking and illegal trade of wildlife, he said.“China has made universally recognized efforts in protecting rhinos and tigers as well as cracking down on illegalities related to their products,” Huang said.“We have been staunch, active and consistent in wildlife protection.”China banned trade in tiger bones and rhino horns 25 years ago as part of global efforts to save the animals.
Chinese researchers have discovered a new compound that can help lower cholesterol levels in the blood.Long-term high levels of cholesterol in the blood can cause atherosclerosis, which may lead to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.Statins are the main clinical cholesterol-lowering drugs and are widely used in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. However, statins increase side effects after treatment.After a series of compound design and activity analysis, researchers from Wuhan University discovered a new compound that can lower cholesterol. Cmpd 81 reduced cholesterol levels as well as the formation of atherosclerotic plaques in mice with ercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis. When this compound is combined with statins, it can further lower cholesterol levels.The research has broad application prospects in treating cardiovascular diseases.
A JAPANESE scholar has vowed to never stop conveying the historical truth about the Nanjing Massacre.
Tamaki Matsuoka, a former primary school teacher in Japan, has spent the past 30 years recording and passing on the memories of the 1937 massacre.
Matsuoka had earlier taught history in a primary school in Osaka. She found textbooks vague and ambiguous about the invasive war against China and decided to visit Nanjing in August 1988 to find out more.
When seeing evidence at an exhibition of the atrocities committed by the Japanese army, including photos of people’s heads cut off and women raped, Matsuoka could not help shedding tears of pain and shame.
“I made up my mind at that time that I have to tell my students in Japan what had really happened, and what pain and sorrow were associated with the historical truth,” she said.
In the following 30 years, Matsuoka interviewed hundreds of survivors and World War II veterans, and based on their testimonies, wrote books and produced documentaries to convey the historic truth.
Since the war ended, Japan has been trying to deny and whitewash the war history, and some historical revisionists even claimed that the Nanjing Massacre never happened, said Matsuoka.
“We have to convey the historical truth about the Nanjing Massacre to our people and our future generations so as to let people understand the preciousness of the hard-earned peace and prevent war tragedies from happening again,” she said.
But as survivors and witnesses of the war are passing away, Matsuoka felt that she was now racing against time.
An effective way of preserving the historical memories is to record the testimonies of the victims and victimizers and turn them into books and films, she said.
Matsuoka and a civil group called Meishinkai founded by her, have also been cooperating with other civil groups in Japan to hold testimony meetings and seminars to convey the truth about the war.
“More than 70 years have passed since the war ended, and Japanese society is still reluctant to acknowledge the historical truth about the war,” said Matsuoka.
“Only by fully recognizing and reflecting upon the history, could Japan regain respect from its neighbors and the people who have been victimized by Japan’s invasion.”
MUSEUMS across China commemorated the Massacre with memorial services, lectures and exhibitions.
In Shenyang, capital of northeast China’s Liaoning Province, more than 200 representatives from all walks of life gathered in front of the 9.18 Historical Museum to mourn.
Inside, people lit candles and prayed before a pyramid-shaped memorial, while elementary pupils recited poems commemorating the victims.
“I am touched by the activities, and I hope more people can know this part of history,” said 6-grader Fu Sihan. In Beijing, people dressed in black gathered in the square outside the Museum of the War of Chinese People’s Resistance Against Japanese Aggression.
After singing the national anthem with white chrysanthemums in their hands, the crowd stood in a silent tribute and then entered the museum to present the flowers to the deceased.
The museum also features a traditional Chinese painting exhibition by He Baosen depicting the war.
CHINA held a national memorial ceremony yesterday to mourn the 300,000 victims of the Nanjing Massacre committed by Japanese invaders after the fall of the then Chinese capital in 1937.
The ceremony was held by the Communist Party of China Central Committee and the State Council at the Memorial Hall of the Victims of the Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders, in the city of Nanjing, Jiangsu Province.
Wang Chen, a member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, addressed the event. He was joined by more than 8,000 people from all walks of life wearing white flowers on their lapels.
As the ceremony started at 10am, they sang the national anthem and paid silent tribute to the victims. Then sirens howled over the city. Eight large wreaths were presented to the memorial altar by guards of honor.
Wang said the commemoration proclaimed the Chinese people’s firm stance on remembering history and cherishing peace while looking into the future, and their noble aspiration of adhering to the path of peaceful development.
He said the Chinese people will rally more closely around the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, take Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era as a guide, and unremittingly strive for a decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and the realization of the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation.
Following the speech, 81 teenagers read out a declaration of peace. Six citizen representatives struck the Bell of Peace.
On December 13, 1937, Japanese troops captured Nanjing and began more than 40 days of slaughter. About 300,000 civilians and unarmed Chinese soldiers were brutally murdered, and more than 20,000 women were raped.
December 13 was designated as the “National Memorial Day for Nanjing Massacre Victims” in February 2014.
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